Old-age, survivor, and disability insurance (OASDI)

What is Old-age, survivor, and disability insurance (OASDI) ?

The Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program is designed for qualified retired and disabled workers, as well as their dependents and survivors to provide them with some monthly benefits.

OASDI is a comprehensive federal benefits programme which provides benefits to retired adults and people with disabilities, as well as their spouses, children, and survivors, thanks to the federal OASDI tax noted on your paycheck. The program’s goal is to replace some of the income lost due to old age, the death of a spouse (or qualifying ex-spouse), or disability.

Based on the worker’s earnings during their working years, it pays them monthly. The programme was implemented during the Great Depression in 1935, and the average monthly benefit received by recipients in 2022 is $1,657.

The OASDI is based on a tax collected from the worker’s Social Security contribution, which funds the programme to provide benefits and partially replace income to retirees and those who lost their income due to a disability or the death of a spouse. The Social Security Administration reports that 90% of people aged 65 and up receive social security benefits.

In conclusion, this program is the federal benefits programme that is more commonly known as Social Security. It includes both retirement and disability income for individuals and surviving spouses. Workers contribute to the programme through an annual tax on a portion of their earnings at a rate of 6.2% for employees (or 12.4% for self-employed individuals) on earnings up to $147,000 in 2022 and $160,200 in 2023. This means that employees will contribute up to $9,114 to OASDI. It is then paid out as income benefits to retired or disabled individuals at a rate that is adjusted for inflation regularly.

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